Lamb Health & Hygiene

Date: 01/12/17

Lamb Health & Hygiene

Lamb Health and Hygiene

A successful Lambing campaign aims to produce a healthy lamb which is capable of optimum performance throughout its life.

Ensure the Lamb gets a healthy start:

- maximise its defence against disease.

- minimise the Lamb’s exposure to disease,

Rules Of Colostrum For Lambs

The basics – colostrum is an essential element of preventing lamb mortality. It is a super food which provides energy and nutrients, helps to maintain body temperature, and allows for antibodies which form the lamb’s passive immune system as well as being a laxative cleaning out the digestive tract of the new born lamb. At birth lambs do not have antibodies, because the antibodies in the ewe’s blood stream do not cross the placenta.

It is extremely important to ration the in-lamb ewe appropriately to ensure the production of good quality colostrum is stimulated. Rations should be tailor made to the quality of forage that is being offered to the ewe.

Most lambs will suckle themselves without assistance, but this must be monitored to ensure adequate amounts are being ingested. After lambing it is a good idea to strip the teat, to check for the quality and quantity of colostrum, this also gives you the added benefit of removing the wax plug from the teat. If lambing ewe lambs, crutching is good practice to allow the lamb easy access to the teat. Every effort should be made to ensure the ewe nurses the lamb, however some may be born in multiples, have large or misshapen teats, poor yield, and infection such as mastitis or orf on the teat or be orphaned and need help. It is essential that this help is given in the first few hours of life and then little and often following this. Lambs should receive 50ml/kg of liveweight colostrum in the first few hours of birth and by the time the lamb is 24 hours old it should have received 200ml/kg.

Adequate ewe colostrum is the best start a lamb can get but, if for some reason it is not available, artificial colostrum substitutes are a good option.

Key Rules

  • 50ml/kg of liveweight in the first few hours

  • 200ml/kg of liveweight in the first 24 hours

  • If not adequate supply, quality or quantity substitute with artificial colostrum

Kilco Lamb colostrum

  • Milk powder base with functional egg powder containing natural egg proteins

  • Supports the intestinal immune system in critical periods

  • Improves the intestinal health

  • Improves health status and performance of young animals

Specification (per Litre):

Vitamin A 35,000 IU, Vitamin D3 10,000 IU, Vitamin E* 180 IU, Copper ** 4mg, Manganese** 10 mg, Zinc ** 14 mg

*as α-tocopherol acetate            **chelated metal

Analytical Constituents:

Moisture 1.98%                                Crude protein 27.81%,                   Crude oil and fat 19.77%,

Energy

One of the key nutritional factors to help a lamb thrive is ensuring it has enough energy. If the lamb has not suckled enough and is not thriving (particularly in cold wet weather) then an additional energy boost will help get it up and moving.

Lamb Boost Liquid

A fast acting, high energy liquid for newborn lambs showing signs of energy depletion.

· Contains molasses and propylene glycol carbohydrates for an immediate energy boost.

 · Also contains probiotic inulin, nucleotides, vitamins & essential elements to provide newborn lambs the best start to life

· Handy pocket-sized bottle with pump

Specification per Litre:

Molasses 500 ml, Monopropylene Glycol 250 ml, Calcium 1200 mg, Iron* 150 mg, Vitamin A 800,000 IU, Vitamin D3 200,000 IU, Vitamin E 3,000 IU, Prebiotic (Inulin) 5000 mg, Nucleotides 1250 mg, Amino Acid Blend 200 mg, Lysine 500 mg, Methionine 750 mg, Choline Chloride 200 mg. Also contains: Vitamin B1, Cobalt, Phosphorous, Selenium, Magnesium, Zinc*, Manganese*, Chloride, Iodide.

*Micro-chelated Minerals

Hygiene

Hygiene throughout the Lambing season is vital, disease and infection in the first weeks of life will have costs associated with treatment and reduced feed conversion resulting in poor growth, 20% of lamb deaths are due to poor hygiene on farms. However, if efficient hygiene management practices are put in place, these losses can be prevented.

Bio-Security in the lambing shed

Vaccination and medication play an important role in disease prevention. However neither of these can offer complete, effective and economical protection against the wide range of disease organisms that threaten lambs. Biosecurity completes the armoury of protection, excluding disease organisms from the animal's environment. This is the only way that the cycle of disease can be broken.

Biosecurity can only be achieved through regular and comprehensive routines, using products that are proven to be effective against viral, bacterial and fungal disease organisms with lambing being a seasonal practice this gives ample opportunity to get the lambing shed prepared before the season starts.

Cleaning ‘The Kilco Way’

By planning and then following a set cleaning programme designed around the movement of animals through lambing you will ensure the ewe and lamb enter a clean disease free environment.

This initial deep clean of the lambing shed can be followed by a programme of using a bedding conditioner on the straw bedding between ewes in each lambing pen. This will ensure the disease challenge is kept to a minimum.

The simple stages of cleaning are:

  • Muck out

  • Pre-rinse

  • Detergent

  • Rinse

  • Disinfect                                               

 

The DETERGENT

Ecofoam Advanced

Using a quality detergent to remove all organic matter prior to disinfection is paramount to the routine. Ecofoam Advanced has been developed specifically for this purpose.

A ultra high performance alkaline long cling foam cleaner designed to clean heavily soiled areas.

  • Advanced “Wet Film Foam” Technology gives enhanced cling to all surfaces

  • Ideal on porous surfaces

  • Excellent removal of carbohydrate, starch, fat and protein deposits

  • Fully effective regardless of water hardness

  • Proven to significantly reduce time and workload required during wash down

The DISINFECTANT

Cyclex

This DEFRA approved disinfectant is clinically proven in the defence against oocysts responsible for coccidiosis and cryptosporidiosis.

  • Practical easy to apply solution, easy to mix and easy to use

  • Specially formulated, chlorocresol based disinfectant with strong microbiocidal properties (passed EN1656, EN1657,EN14349)

  • Passed the rigorous testing requirements recommended by the German Veterinary Association (DVG) against spore-forming oocysts.

  • Can be used in Poultry, Pig, Sheep, Goat & Cattle Housing

  • Eliminates risk of residues (Cyuranic acid free)

  • Contains no chemicals of industry concern (QUAT- free)

The Bedding Conditioner

Envirex

Containing a unique combination of 2% w/w of the proven biocidal product Virex in a base powder formulation comprised of mineral desiccants and essential oils specifically designed to maintain a dry, healthy environment for all types of livestock animals.

The Base Powder formulation is comprised of ingredients which;

• Ensure longevity of the product even under high humidity conditions

• Do not paste up to form clumps after drying

• Reduce greasiness in animal accommodation, aiding in promoting a non-slip environment.

• Have a greater absorptive capacity than that of any other clay.

• Help prevent the skin from drying, keeping it supple and less likely to suffer from lacerations.

 

By following these simple procedures you will ensure your lambs get the best start to their lives and will thrive as they grow thus ensuring maximum profitability for the farm.

 


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